Shortness of breath

Dyspnea is a respiratory disturbance, which is accompanied by changes in its frequency and depth. As a rule, breathing in dyspnea is rapid and shallow, which is a compensatory mechanism (adaptation of the body) in response to a lack of oxygen. Dyspnea, which occurs when breathing in, is called inspiratory, dyspnea when exhaling is called expiratory. It can also be mixed, that is, it occurs both on inhalation and exhalation. Subjectively, dyspnea is felt as a lack of air, a feeling of compression of the chest. Normally, dyspnea may appear in a healthy person, in which case it is called physiological. Some people are helped by this remedy:

Physiological shortness of breath can occur in the following cases:
as a reaction of the body to excessive physical activity, especially if the body is not exposed to physical activity all the time;
At high altitudes, where conditions of hypoxia (lack of oxygen) are created;
in closed rooms with increased amounts of carbon dioxide (hypercapnia).
Physiological dyspnea usually passes quickly. In such cases, you simply need to eliminate hypodynamia (sedentary lifestyle), sports gradually increase the load, gradually adapt to high altitudes and problems with shortness of breath will not be. In cases where shortness of breath does not go away for a long time and creates significant discomfort, it is pathological in nature and signals the presence of disease in the body. In this case it is necessary to take urgent measures for the early detection and treatment of the disease.

Depending on the etiology (cause of occurrence), dyspnea can be of the following types:
cardiac dyspnea;
pulmonary dyspnea;
Dyspnea as a consequence of anemia.
Dyspnea can be acute, subacute and chronic. It may appear suddenly and disappear just as quickly, or it may be a permanent symptom of which the patient complains. Depending on the course of dyspnea and the disease that caused it, depends on the doctor’s tactics. If troubled by shortness of breath, you should not ignore this symptom, and seek qualified medical help, as it may be a sign of serious diseases of the heart, lungs and other organs and systems.

Some of the doctors you can go to if you are experiencing shortness of breath include:
general practitioner;
family physician;
A qualified doctor will prescribe the necessary tests to diagnose dyspnea, analyze them and prescribe adequate treatment.

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